◈ Turn on the Youtube subtitles. ◈ (English subtitles) #Maori#Welfare system #New Zealand #New Zealand volcano #Rubby#Travel#New Zealand Travel #Climate#Welfare Country 1. introduction (00:13) When Dutch called Abel Tasman first discovered New Zealand, he named it Nieuw Zeeland, meaning ‘New Zeeland’. New Zealand is located 2000km to the southeast of Australia and it is composed of two big islands and other small islands. The total land area is about 270 thousand kilometers squared, The whole population of New Zealand is about 4.8 million as of 2019. The yearly GDP of New Zealand in 2017 respective is about $2 trillion. This ranks at 51st in the world. The ethnic groups are divided into 70% Anglo-Saxons and Maori natives. The official languages are English and Maori. 2. History (02:16) As you are well aware, the first people to settle in New Zealand were Maori. In 1642, Abel Tasman of the Dutch East Indies first discovered New Zealand, but it was not until 1769 that the British emigrated to New Zealand after the expedition of Captain James Cook of England. In 1840, the Maori signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which handed over control of New Zealand to Britain in return for protecting them. But as the British colonization progressed, there were conflicts with the Maori, and between 1843 and 1870, there were two Maori wars. After that, New Zealand officially gained independence from England in 1947. 3. Politics & Economy (04:07) New Zealand’s political system is a constitutional monarchy with a five-year term governor serving as acting deputy to the head of state of the United Kingdom and the prime minister’s actual authority. New Zealand elections are held once every three years, with the prime minister and members of Congress serving three years. The main parties are the People’s Party and the Labor Party. New Zealand is one of the world’s top three welfare countries, after Sweden and Norway, and has the world’s first full employment, unemployment benefits, free medical care, and other advanced social security systems. New Zealand, called the world’s largest ranch, is a highly developed country in agriculture and livestock farming. New Zealand is the world’s No. 1 exporter of dairy products, exporting 80 percent of dairy products such as milk, cheese and butter, and has the largest dairy company in the world, Fonterra. In addition, New Zealand is an eco-friendly energy country that produces 90% of its electricity, and the tourism industry has developed greatly due to its beautiful natural environment. 4. Natural Environment & Culture (06:44) New Zealand is an island in the Ring of Fire. The land is rough, with many volcanoes and earthquakes. As it is floating in the middle of the South Pacific, it is warm throughout the year and has an Oceanic climate. Some of the unique animals that live only in New Zealand include Kiwi, a national bird in New Zealand, and Kakapo, a parrot that cannot fly. New Zealand, which is also famous for filming Peter Jackson’s “The Lord of the Rings,” has been set in several movies, including “King Kong,” “The Chronicles of Narnia,” “X-Men 4” and “Last Samurai.” New Zealand is the world’s most powerful country in rugby. In 1987, it won the first Rugby World Cup, and the first Rugby Museum was built in the world. 5. Famous Figure (09:18) One of the most famous personalities in New Zealand includes Lorde the singer-songwriter born in 1996. Her real name is Ella Maria Lani Yelich-O’Connor. Lorde released her debut album in 2012 at age 16 and came first in a single music chart of New Zealand with her solo album [Royals]. In the next year, she was ranked 1st in Billboard HOT100 as the first kiwi. Lorde is also known for singing the soundtrack of the movie [The Hunger Games] and is still actively working at the age of 20s, in 2019 respective.

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